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Energies 2016, 9(3), 123; doi:10.3390/en9030123

Parameter Sensitivity Analysis for Fractional-Order Modeling of Lithium-Ion Batteries

1
School of Astronautics, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, China
2
Institut de recherche sur les transports l'énergie et la société (IRTES), Fédération de recherche FCLAB CNRS 3539, Université de Technologie de Belfort-Montbéliard, Belfort 90010, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sheng S. Zhang
Received: 18 December 2015 / Revised: 27 January 2016 / Accepted: 3 February 2016 / Published: 24 February 2016

Abstract

This paper presents a novel-fractional-order lithium-ion battery model that is suitable for use in embedded applications. The proposed model uses fractional calculus with an improved Oustaloup approximation method to describe all the internal battery dynamic behaviors. The fractional-order model parameters, such as equivalent circuit component coefficients and fractional-order values, are identified by a genetic algorithm. A modeling parameters sensitivity study using the statistical Multi-Parameter Sensitivity Analysis (MPSA) method is then performed and discussed in detail. Through the analysis, the dynamic effects of parameters on the model output performance are obtained. It has been found out from the analysis that the fractional-order values and their corresponding internal dynamics have different degrees of impact on model outputs. Thus, they are considered as crucial parameters to accurately describe a battery’s dynamic voltage responses. To experimentally verify the accuracy of developed fractional-order model and evaluate its performance, the experimental tests are conducted with a hybrid pulse test and a dynamic stress test (DST) on two different types of lithium-ion batteries. The results demonstrate the accuracy and usefulness of the proposed fractional-order model on battery dynamic behavior prediction. View Full-Text
Keywords: lithium-ion battery; modeling; fractional calculus; parameters sensitivity; dynamic effects lithium-ion battery; modeling; fractional calculus; parameters sensitivity; dynamic effects
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhou, D.; Zhang, K.; Ravey, A.; Gao, F.; Miraoui, A. Parameter Sensitivity Analysis for Fractional-Order Modeling of Lithium-Ion Batteries. Energies 2016, 9, 123.

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