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Energies 2016, 9(2), 71; doi:10.3390/en9020071

A Large Scale Daylighting System Based on a Stepped Thickness Waveguide

Department of Information and Communication Engineering, Myongji University, San 38-2 Nam-dong, Yongin 449728, Korea
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Academic Editor: Narottam Das
Received: 2 November 2015 / Revised: 16 December 2015 / Accepted: 14 January 2016 / Published: 26 January 2016
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Abstract

This paper presents a study on the use of optical fiber and a solar concentrator for a building daylighting system. Daylighting is essential for improving indoor environments and reducing electric lighting power consumption in office buildings. Traditionally, optical fiber daylighting systems were implemented only on a small scale. More complicated technologies are required for more amounts of daylight over further distance via a smaller light guider. The proposed solar lighting system with optical fiber is composed of an array of linear Fresnel lenses and a stepped thickness waveguide. The linear Fresnel lenses collect light into the stepped thickness waveguide. The stepped-thickness waveguide is an optical component which redirects focused sunlight from the vertical direction to the horizontal direction, and it guides light to the attached optical fiber. Simulation models were developed using commercial optical simulation tools (LightTools™). The optical efficiency and angular tolerance of the system are analyzed. The overall system cost is also estimated. Some considerations on the economic expansion of the system in terms of efficiency and estimated annual average energy saving are discussed. The results show that the presented optical fiber daylighting system is a strong candidate for low-price and highly efficient solution for solar energy application to building energy savings. View Full-Text
Keywords: optical fiber daylighting system; plastic optical fiber; stepped thickness waveguide; linear Fresnel lens optical fiber daylighting system; plastic optical fiber; stepped thickness waveguide; linear Fresnel lens
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Vu, N.H.; Shin, S. A Large Scale Daylighting System Based on a Stepped Thickness Waveguide. Energies 2016, 9, 71.

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