Smart Charging of EVs in Residential Distribution Systems Using the Extended Iterative Method
AbstractSmart charging of electrical vehicles (EVs) is critical to provide the secure and cost-effective operation for distribution systems. Three model objective functions which are minimization of total supplied power, energy costs and maximization of profits are formulated. The conventional household load is modeled as a ZIP load that consists of constant power, constant current and constant impedance components. The imbalance of distribution system, constraints on nodal voltages and thermal loadings of lines and transformers are all taken into account. Utilizing the radial operation structure of distribution system, an extended iterative method is proposed to greatly reduce the dimensions of optimization variables and thus improve calculation speed. Impacts of the conventional household load model on the simulation results are also investigated. Case studies on three distribution systems with 2, 14, and 141 buses are performed and analyzed. It is found that the linear constrained convex quadratic programming model is applicable at each iteration, when the conventional household load is composed of constant power and constant impedance load. However, it is not applicable when the conventional household load consists of constant current load. The accuracy and computational efficiency of the proposed method are also validated. View Full-Text
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Zhang, J.; Cui, M.; Fang, H.; He, Y. Smart Charging of EVs in Residential Distribution Systems Using the Extended Iterative Method. Energies 2016, 9, 985.
Zhang J, Cui M, Fang H, He Y. Smart Charging of EVs in Residential Distribution Systems Using the Extended Iterative Method. Energies. 2016; 9(12):985.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zhang, Jian; Cui, Mingjian; Fang, Hualiang; He, Yigang. 2016. "Smart Charging of EVs in Residential Distribution Systems Using the Extended Iterative Method." Energies 9, no. 12: 985.
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