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Energies 2016, 9(11), 963; doi:10.3390/en9110963

Expert Opinion Analysis on Renewable Hydrogen Storage Systems Potential in Europe

1
DIAEE—Department of Astronautic, Energetic and Electric Engineering, Sapienza University, Corso Vittorio Emanuele II 244, 00186 Rome, Italy
2
CITERA—Interdisciplinary Centre for Housing, Heritage and Environment, Sapienza University, Via Gramsci 53, 00197 Rome, Italy
3
Department of Engineering Sustainability, Marconi University, 00186 Rome, Italy
4
Department of Architectural Engineering & Technology, Climate Design Section, TU Delft University of Technology, Julianalaan 134, 2628 BL Delft, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Hai-Wen Li
Received: 5 October 2016 / Revised: 3 November 2016 / Accepted: 8 November 2016 / Published: 18 November 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1178 KB, uploaded 18 November 2016]   |  

Abstract

Among the several typologies of storage technologies, mainly on different physical principles (mechanical, electrical and chemical), hydrogen produced by power to gas (P2G) from renewable energy sources complies with chemical storage principle and is based on the conversion of electrical energy into chemical energy by means of the electrolysis of water which does not produce any toxic or climate-relevant emission. This paper aims to pinpoint the potential uses of renewable hydrogen storage systems in Europe, analysing current and potential locations, regulatory framework, governments’ outlooks, economic issues, and available renewable energy amounts. The expert opinion survey, already used in many research articles on different topics including energy, has been selected as an effective method to produce realistic results. The obtained results highlight strategies and actions to optimize the storage of hydrogen produced by renewables to face varying electricity demand and generation-driven fluctuations reducing the negative effects of the increasing share of renewables in the energy mix of European Countries. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrogen storage systems; renewable hydrogen; power to gas; expert opinion analysis; economic aspects hydrogen storage systems; renewable hydrogen; power to gas; expert opinion analysis; economic aspects
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Astiaso Garcia, D.; Barbanera, F.; Cumo, F.; Di Matteo, U.; Nastasi, B. Expert Opinion Analysis on Renewable Hydrogen Storage Systems Potential in Europe. Energies 2016, 9, 963.

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