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Energies 2016, 9(11), 889; doi:10.3390/en9110889

Design and Analysis of Generic Energy Management Strategy for Controlling Second-Life Battery Systems in Stationary Applications

1
Mobility, Logistics and Automotive Technology Research Center, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, Brussels 1050, Belgium
2
Vito, Unit of Energy Technology, Boeretang 200, Mol 2400, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sheng Zhang
Received: 12 July 2016 / Revised: 12 September 2016 / Accepted: 19 October 2016 / Published: 29 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Electric Vehicles and Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles 2017)

Abstract

Recently, second-life battery systems have received a growing interest as one of the most promising alternatives for decreasing the overall cost of the battery storage systems in stationary applications. The high-cost of batteries represents a prominent barrier for their use in traction and stationary applications. To make second-life batteries economically viable for stationary applications, an effective power-electronics converter should be selected as well. This converter should be supported by an energy management strategy (EMS), which is needed for controlling the power flow among the second-life battery modules based on their available capacity and performance. This article presents the design, analysis and implementation of a generic energy management strategy (GEMS). The proposed GEMS aims to control and distribute the load demand between battery storage systems under different load conditions and disturbances. This manuscript provides the experimental verification of the proposed management strategy. The results have demonstrated that the GEMS can robustly handle any level of performance inequality among the used-battery modules with the aim to integrate different levels (i.e., size, capacity, and chemistry type) of the second-life battery modules at the same time and in the same application. View Full-Text
Keywords: second-life batteries; energy storage system (ESS); lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries; stationary applications; self-consumption of photo-voltaic profile; energy/power management strategy; rule-based control strategy; battery management system (BMS); multi-port power converter second-life batteries; energy storage system (ESS); lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries; stationary applications; self-consumption of photo-voltaic profile; energy/power management strategy; rule-based control strategy; battery management system (BMS); multi-port power converter
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Abdel-Monem, M.; Hegazy, O.; Omar, N.; Trad, K.; De Breucker, S.; Van Den Bossche, P.; Van Mierlo, J. Design and Analysis of Generic Energy Management Strategy for Controlling Second-Life Battery Systems in Stationary Applications. Energies 2016, 9, 889.

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