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Energies 2016, 9(11), 874; doi:10.3390/en9110874

Investigation the Influence of Different Salts on the Degradation of Organic Dyes Using Non-Thermal Plasma

1
Electric Engineering Department, Faculty of Energy Engineering, Aswan University, Aswan 81528, Egypt
2
Chemical and Petrochemicals Engineering Department, Egypt-Japan University of Science and Technology, New Borg El-Arab City, Alexandria 21934, Egypt
3
Fabrication Technology Department, Advanced Technology and New Materials Research Institute (ATNMRI), City of Scientific Research and Technology Applications (SRTA City), Alexandria 21934, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Rodolfo Araneo
Received: 28 July 2016 / Revised: 16 October 2016 / Accepted: 20 October 2016 / Published: 26 October 2016

Abstract

In dye decolorization tests a non-thermal plasma (NTP) corona discharge generated by a high voltage pin-to-ground plate displayed 82% color removal within 11 min. Total color removal was accomplished after 28 min. Different salts such as KCl, NaCl, CaCl2 and AlCl3 were utilized to check the influence of conductivity changes on the dye decolorization process. Higher dye solution conductivity improved the color removal efficiency. The discharge energy and degradation efficiency were computed for diverse concentrations for NaCl, KCl, CaCl2 and AlCl3, whereby it was noticed that the salts generally have a small impact on the level of dye decolorization using corona discharge. In addition, the essential reactive species involved in the oxidation of organic dye compounds such as ozone (O3) generated in treated water and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) were investigated and the energetic species that produced the non-thermal plasma at the optimum operation time were determined. Energy yields for decolorization and Electrical Energy per Order (EE/O) were calculated for different concentrations of NaCl, KCl, CaCl2 and AlCl3. This work may help in designing plasma systems appropriate for treatment of industrial wastewaters polluted by dyes. View Full-Text
Keywords: non-thermal plasma (NTP); wastewater treatment; corona discharge; dye decolorization; ozone generation; pin-to-plate non-thermal plasma (NTP); wastewater treatment; corona discharge; dye decolorization; ozone generation; pin-to-plate
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

El-Tayeb, A.; El-Shazly, A.H.; Elkady, M.F. Investigation the Influence of Different Salts on the Degradation of Organic Dyes Using Non-Thermal Plasma. Energies 2016, 9, 874.

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