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Energies 2016, 9(10), 765; doi:10.3390/en9100765

Consumer Travel Behaviors and Transport Carbon Emissions: A Comparative Study of Commercial Centers in Shenyang, China

1
Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130102, Jilin, China
2
Department of Geography, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong, China
3
School of Geographical Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, Jilin, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mark Deinert
Received: 15 June 2016 / Revised: 27 August 2016 / Accepted: 15 September 2016 / Published: 22 September 2016
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Abstract

Current literature highlights the role of commercial centers in cities in generating shopping trips and transport carbon emissions. However, the influence of the characteristics of commercial centers on consumer travel behavior and transport carbon emissions is not well understood. This study addresses this knowledge gap by examining shopping trips to eight commercial centers in Shenyang, China, and the CO2 emissions of these trips. We found that the locations and types of commercial centers strongly influence CO2 emissions. CO2 emissions per trip to commercial centers in the suburbs of Shenyang were on average 6.94% and 26.92% higher than those to commercial centers in the urban core and the inner city, respectively. CO2 emissions induced by wholesale centers were nearly three times higher than the lowest CO2 emissions of commercial centers in the inner city. These empirical results enhance our understanding of shopping-related transport carbon emissions and highlight the importance of optimizing urban space structure, in particular, the layout of commercial centers. View Full-Text
Keywords: transport carbon emission; commercial center; consumer travel behavior; Shenyang; China transport carbon emission; commercial center; consumer travel behavior; Shenyang; China
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Li, J.; Lo, K.; Zhang, P.; Guo, M. Consumer Travel Behaviors and Transport Carbon Emissions: A Comparative Study of Commercial Centers in Shenyang, China. Energies 2016, 9, 765.

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