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Energies 2016, 9(1), 22; doi:10.3390/en9010022

Review of the Thermo-Physical Properties and Performance Characteristics of a Refrigeration System Using Refrigerant-Based Nanofluids

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dong-A University, Hadan 840, Saha-gu, Busan 604-714, Korea
2
School of Mechanical Engineering, Yeungnam University, 280 Daehak-Ro, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk 712-749, Korea
3
R & D Division, NTF Tech Co., Hadan 840, Saha-gu, Busan 604-714, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Chi-Ming Lai
Received: 5 October 2015 / Revised: 24 November 2015 / Accepted: 21 December 2015 / Published: 31 December 2015
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Abstract

Nanofluids are considered a promising choice for several heat transfer applications. With the increasing awareness for energy saving and efficiency improvement in various thermal systems, including refrigeration systems, there is a growing interest in the refrigerant-based nanofluids owing to their superior thermo-physical properties. Nanorefrigerants are a class of nanofluid, which consist of suspended nanoparticles in a base refrigerant. In this paper, it is intended to include many articles on refrigeration systems that use nanorefrigerants, published in the period from 2005 to 2015. Although this is an extensive review, it could not include all the papers, and only some major research works were selected. It is believed that the dependency of thermal conductivity and other properties on temperature will make the thermal systems more efficient while operating at a high temperature. The literature reviews associated with the performance characteristics of nanorefrigerants in refrigeration systems for the last 10 years have been compiled and presented in this paper. Furthermore, recent studies related to thermo-physical properties of nanorefrigerants and nanolubricants have also been summarized and reviewed in this paper. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanorefrigerants; nanolubricants; nanofluid; refrigeration systems; performance nanorefrigerants; nanolubricants; nanofluid; refrigeration systems; performance
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Patil, M.S.; Kim, S.C.; Seo, J.-H.; Lee, M.-Y. Review of the Thermo-Physical Properties and Performance Characteristics of a Refrigeration System Using Refrigerant-Based Nanofluids. Energies 2016, 9, 22.

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