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Energies 2015, 8(9), 9392-9406; doi:10.3390/en8099392

The Relationship between Energy Consumption and Economic Growth: Evidence from China’s Industrial Sectors

1
School of Economics and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
2
School of Economics, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing 100081, China
3
School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing 100029, China
4
Business School, Hunan First Normal University, Changsha 410205, China
5
Academy of Mathematics and Systems Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Robert Lundmark
Received: 6 July 2015 / Revised: 20 August 2015 / Accepted: 21 August 2015 / Published: 31 August 2015
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Abstract

In this article, the relationship between energy consumption and economic growth is examined from the viewpoint of China’s industrial sectors. Panel data from 37 industrial sectors in China covering the period from 1998 to 2010 was used in this study. Not only first generation panel unit root tests and panel cointegration tests, but also second generation tests that account for dependence between cross-sectional units were employed. The empirical results reveal that both energy consumption and economic growth are integrated as order one, and they are cointegrated. Panel fully modified ordinary least squares estimators show that a 1% increase in energy consumption increases the real value added of industrial sectors by 0.871%, and a 1% increase in real value added of industrial sectors increases energy consumption by 1.103%. The panel vector error correction models for causality tests are estimated by a system generalized moment method. We find a unidirectional causal relation running from economic growth to energy consumption in the shortrun. In the long run, however, there is evidence of a unidirectional causality running from energy consumption to economic growth. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy consumption; economic growth; industrial sectors; panel causality; cross-sectional dependence energy consumption; economic growth; industrial sectors; panel causality; cross-sectional dependence
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Hu, Y.; Guo, D.; Wang, M.; Zhang, X.; Wang, S. The Relationship between Energy Consumption and Economic Growth: Evidence from China’s Industrial Sectors. Energies 2015, 8, 9392-9406.

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