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Energies 2015, 8(9), 10153-10177; doi:10.3390/en80910153

Theoretical Modelling Methods for Thermal Management of Batteries

School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, Bundoora 3083, Victoria, Australia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sheng S. Zhang
Received: 17 August 2015 / Revised: 30 August 2015 / Accepted: 9 September 2015 / Published: 17 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electrochemical Energy Storage - 2015)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1081 KB, uploaded 17 September 2015]   |  

Abstract

The main challenge associated with renewable energy generation is the intermittency of the renewable source of power. Because of this, back-up generation sources fuelled by fossil fuels are required. In stationary applications whether it is a back-up diesel generator or connection to the grid, these systems are yet to be truly emissions-free. One solution to the problem is the utilisation of electrochemical energy storage systems (ESS) to store the excess renewable energy and then reusing this energy when the renewable energy source is insufficient to meet the demand. The performance of an ESS amongst other things is affected by the design, materials used and the operating temperature of the system. The operating temperature is critical since operating an ESS at low ambient temperatures affects its capacity and charge acceptance while operating the ESS at high ambient temperatures affects its lifetime and suggests safety risks. Safety risks are magnified in renewable energy storage applications given the scale of the ESS required to meet the energy demand. This necessity has propelled significant effort to model the thermal behaviour of ESS. Understanding and modelling the thermal behaviour of these systems is a crucial consideration before designing an efficient thermal management system that would operate safely and extend the lifetime of the ESS. This is vital in order to eliminate intermittency and add value to renewable sources of power. This paper concentrates on reviewing theoretical approaches used to simulate the operating temperatures of ESS and the subsequent endeavours of modelling thermal management systems for these systems. The intent of this review is to present some of the different methods of modelling the thermal behaviour of ESS highlighting the advantages and disadvantages of each approach. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy storage; batteries; theoretical thermal modelling; thermal management energy storage; batteries; theoretical thermal modelling; thermal management
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Shabani, B.; Biju, M. Theoretical Modelling Methods for Thermal Management of Batteries. Energies 2015, 8, 10153-10177.

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