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Energies 2015, 8(7), 6715-6737; doi:10.3390/en8076715

Battery Design for Successful Electrification in Public Transport

1
Institute for Power Electronics and Electrical Drives (ISEA), RWTH Aachen University, Jägerstr. 17/19, 52066 Aachen, Germany
2
Aachen Research Alliance, JARA-Energy, 52425 Jülich, Germany
3
Institute for Power Generation and Storage Systems (PGS), E.ON Energy Research Center, RWTH Aachen University, Mathieustr. 10, 52074 Aachen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul Stewart
Received: 24 April 2015 / Revised: 16 June 2015 / Accepted: 19 June 2015 / Published: 30 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electrical Power and Energy Systems for Transportation Applications)
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Abstract

Public transport is an especially promising sector for full electric vehicles due to the high amount of cycles and predictable workload. This leads to a high amount of different vehicle concepts ranging from large batteries, designed for a full day of operation without charging, to fast-charging systems with charging power up to a few hundred kilowatts. Hence, many different issues have to be addressed in the whole design and production process regarding high-voltage (HV) batteries for buses. In this work, the design process for electric public buses is analyzed in detail, based on two systems developed by the research projects Smart Wheels/econnect and SEB eÖPNV. The complete development process starting, with the demand analysis and the operating scenario, including the charging routine, is discussed. This paper also features details on cell selection and cost estimations as well as technical details on the system layout, such as the management system and passive components as well as thermal management. View Full-Text
Keywords: batteries; electric vehicles; public transport; layout process batteries; electric vehicles; public transport; layout process
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Rothgang, S.; Rogge, M.; Becker, J.; Sauer, D.U. Battery Design for Successful Electrification in Public Transport. Energies 2015, 8, 6715-6737.

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