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Energies 2015, 8(6), 6114-6134; doi:10.3390/en8066114

Method and Case Study of Multiobjective Optimization-Based Energy System Design to Minimize the Primary Energy Use and Initial Investment Cost

1
Department of Architectural Engineering, University of Seoul, Seoul 130-743, Korea
2
GS E & C Research Institute, GS Engineering & Construction Corp, Seoul 449-831, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Chi-Ming Lai
Received: 9 February 2015 / Revised: 18 May 2015 / Accepted: 12 June 2015 / Published: 19 June 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3465 KB, uploaded 19 June 2015]   |  

Abstract

This study aimed to develop a building energy system design method to minimize the initial investment cost and primary energy use. As for the energy system, various combinations were generated depending on the type and capacity of the device used as well as the number of units, energy consumption, and efficiency of the building. Because the design process of energy systems is a critical step in determining the performance of the building throughout the lifecycle, an effective design method is necessary. The proposed method determines the energy system that can minimize the primary energy use and initial investment cost through a multiobjective optimization by calculating the cooling and heating energy consumptions of the building and initial investment cost of the energy system using the load profile by the design-day, and the information in the design phase of the building. This method can support the decision-making process by providing engineers with an alternative proposal for minimizing the initial investment cost and primary energy use by the Pareto analysis after reviewing the design combinations of various energy systems with limited information in the initial design phase. To verify the effectiveness of the methodology, a case study of the two buildings was performed, and the analysis results were compared to the conventional design alternatives. As shown in the case study results, using a method developed in comparison with the conventional result can provide the efficient alternative selection with 80% of initial investment cost and 86% of primary energy use, respectively. The results confirmed that the proposed methodology can provide various optimum results more effectively compared to the conventional design methods. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy system design; multiobjective optimization; initial investment cost; primary energy use energy system design; multiobjective optimization; initial investment cost; primary energy use
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kong, D.-S.; Jang, Y.-S.; Huh, J.-H. Method and Case Study of Multiobjective Optimization-Based Energy System Design to Minimize the Primary Energy Use and Initial Investment Cost. Energies 2015, 8, 6114-6134.

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