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Energies 2015, 8(6), 5782-5799; doi:10.3390/en8065782

Horizontal and Vertical Reinforcement in Global Climate Governance

Environmental Research Center, Free University Berlin and Institute of Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS), Potsdam, Patschkauer Weg 51, 14195 Berlin, Germany
Academic Editor: Erik Gawel
Received: 25 February 2015 / Accepted: 8 June 2015 / Published: 16 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Policy and Climate Change)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [846 KB, uploaded 16 June 2015]   |  

Abstract

This paper is dealing with mechanisms that can accelerate the global diffusion of climate-friendly technologies. The accelerated diffusion of low-carbon technology innovation can possibly be achieved by interactive processes such as: (1) mutually reinforcing cycles of policy-induced domestic market growth, innovation, and policy feedback; (2) lead markets and political lesson-drawing, the reinforced international adoption of innovations from pioneer countries; and (3) interaction between the vertical and horizontal dynamics in multi-level systems of governance. The three mechanisms are not exclusive. They can overlap and reinforce each other. After a theoretical introduction they will be described. The empirical focus is on the European system of multi-level climate governance. The paper draws some final conclusions for policy makers. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate policy; innovation/diffusion; multi-level governance; European Union climate policy; innovation/diffusion; multi-level governance; European Union
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Jänicke, M. Horizontal and Vertical Reinforcement in Global Climate Governance. Energies 2015, 8, 5782-5799.

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