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Energies 2015, 8(5), 4237-4252; doi:10.3390/en8054237

Enhanced Hydrogen Generation Properties of MgH2-Based Hydrides by Breaking the Magnesium Hydroxide Passivation Layer

1
School of Materials Science and Engineering and Key Laboratory of Advanced Energy Storage Materials of Guangdong Province, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510641, China
2
China-Australia Joint Laboratory for Energy & Environmental Materials, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510641, China
3
Guangxi Collaborative Innovation Center of Structure and Property for New Energy and Materials, Guilin 541004, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Craig M. Jensen
Received: 28 February 2015 / Revised: 15 April 2015 / Accepted: 4 May 2015 / Published: 11 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hydrides: Fundamentals and Applications)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1074 KB, uploaded 11 May 2015]   |  

Abstract

Due to its relatively low cost, high hydrogen yield, and environmentally friendly hydrolysis byproducts, magnesium hydride (MgH2) appears to be an attractive candidate for hydrogen generation. However, the hydrolysis reaction of MgH2 is rapidly inhibited by the formation of a magnesium hydroxide passivation layer. To improve the hydrolysis properties of MgH2-based hydrides we investigated three different approaches: ball milling, synthesis of MgH2-based composites, and tuning of the solution composition. We demonstrate that the formation of a composite system, such as the MgH2/LaH3 composite, through ball milling and in situ synthesis, can improve the hydrolysis properties of MgH2 in pure water. Furthermore, the addition of Ni to the MgH2/LaH3 composite resulted in the synthesis of LaH3/MgH2/Ni composites. The LaH3/MgH2/Ni composites exhibited a higher hydrolysis rate—120 mL/(g·min) of H2 in the first 5 min—than the MgH2/LaH3 composite— 95 mL/(g·min)—without the formation of the magnesium hydroxide passivation layer. Moreover, the yield rate was controlled by manipulation of the particle size via ball milling. The hydrolysis of MgH2 was also improved by optimizing the solution. The MgH2 produced 1711.2 mL/g of H2 in 10 min at 298 K in the 27.1% ammonium chloride solution, and the hydrolytic conversion rate reached the value of 99.5%. View Full-Text
Keywords: MgH2-based hydride; hydrolysis; hydrogen generation; composites MgH2-based hydride; hydrolysis; hydrogen generation; composites
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ouyang, L.; Ma, M.; Huang, M.; Duan, R.; Wang, H.; Sun, L.; Zhu, M. Enhanced Hydrogen Generation Properties of MgH2-Based Hydrides by Breaking the Magnesium Hydroxide Passivation Layer. Energies 2015, 8, 4237-4252.

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