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Energies 2015, 8(12), 14136-14150; doi:10.3390/en81212420

Optimization of Biodiesel-Diesel Blended Fuel Properties and Engine Performance with Ether Additive Using Statistical Analysis and Response Surface Methods

1
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University Malaysia Pahang, Pekan 26600, Pahang, Malaysia
2
Mechanics of Biosystems Engineering Department, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran 14115-111, Iran
3
Faculty of Engineering and Surveying, University of Southern Queensland University, Toowoomba, QLD 4350, Australia
4
Department of Biosystems Engineering, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz 6135583151, Iran
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Filippo Sgroi
Received: 15 October 2015 / Revised: 29 November 2015 / Accepted: 2 December 2015 / Published: 16 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy for Agriculture)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4217 KB, uploaded 16 December 2015]   |  

Abstract

In this study, the fuel properties and engine performance of blended palm biodiesel-diesel using diethyl ether as additive have been investigated. The properties of B30 blended palm biodiesel-diesel fuel were measured and analyzed statistically with the addition of 2%, 4%, 6% and 8% (by volume) diethyl ether additive. The engine tests were conducted at increasing engine speeds from 1500 rpm to 3500 rpm and under constant load. Optimization of independent variables was performed using the desirability approach of the response surface methodology (RSM) with the goal of minimizing emissions and maximizing performance parameters. The experiments were designed using a statistical tool known as design of experiments (DoE) based on RSM. View Full-Text
Keywords: diesel engine; blended fuel; diethyl ether additive; cycle to cycle variations; wavelet analysis; response surface methodology (RSM) diesel engine; blended fuel; diethyl ether additive; cycle to cycle variations; wavelet analysis; response surface methodology (RSM)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ali, O.M.; Mamat, R.; Najafi, G.; Yusaf, T.; Safieddin Ardebili, S.M. Optimization of Biodiesel-Diesel Blended Fuel Properties and Engine Performance with Ether Additive Using Statistical Analysis and Response Surface Methods. Energies 2015, 8, 14136-14150.

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