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Energies 2015, 8(12), 14049-14063; doi:10.3390/en81212415

Solar Dryer Application for Olive Oil Mill Wastes

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Energy and Materials, Industrial Engineering School, University of Extremadura, Av. Elvas s/n, 06006 Badajoz, Spain
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Academic Editor: Animesh Dutta
Received: 9 September 2015 / Revised: 4 December 2015 / Accepted: 7 December 2015 / Published: 12 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Organic Waste/Resources to Energy and Value added Product)
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Abstract

Global waste production has raised recently due to numerous agricultural and industrial activities. Among other actions devoted to waste reduction, revaluation seems to be the most advantageous one from an environmental and economic point of view. In the olive oil sector, by-product management (namely olive pomace, olive mill wastewater, and sludge residue) poses serious problems for companies, with the energy use of these wastes being a feasible option to solve these problems. Due to their high moisture content, drying constitutes the main stage for a possible bio-fuel conversion. This research work deals with the analysis of drying for the three main wastes from olive oil by using a prototype dryer. This equipment has different working regimes depending on the kind of convection (natural or forced for passive and active mode, respectively), the incidence of solar radiation on the product (indirect or mixed type) and the use of an additional system for energy supply (hybrid type). From the results, it could be said that all the wastes were suitable for solar drying. However, drying conditions were different for each case. Olive pomace and olive mill wastewater showed promising results for solar drying application in mixed active mode. Concerning sludge residue, its special physical structure could employ the use of turners for drying, in order to improve heat transfer to the product. Moreover, hybrid active mode enabled a considerable reduction in drying time, being an aspect to take into account for its use during low solar radiation or at night time. View Full-Text
Keywords: drying kinetics; thin layer; olive pomace; olive mill wastewater; sludge residue drying kinetics; thin layer; olive pomace; olive mill wastewater; sludge residue
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Montero, I.; Miranda, M.T.; Sepúlveda, F.J.; Arranz, J.I.; Rojas, C.V.; Nogales, S. Solar Dryer Application for Olive Oil Mill Wastes. Energies 2015, 8, 14049-14063.

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