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Energies 2014, 7(8), 5119-5128;

Application of US and EU Sustainability Criteria to Analysis of Biofuels-Induced Land Use Change

Department of Agro-Industrial Technology Faculty of Agro-Industry, Kasetsart University, 50 Ngamwongwan Road, Ladyao, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University, 403 West State St., West Lafayette, IN 47907-5056, USA
A preliminary draft of this paper entitled Economic and Land Use Consequences of Biofuel Production and Policy with Application of US and EU Sustainability Criteria was presented by the authors at the 2013 Agricultural and Applied Economics Association meeting, 4–6 August 2013, Washington, DC, USA.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 May 2014 / Revised: 18 July 2014 / Accepted: 6 August 2014 / Published: 12 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomass Resource Efficiency for the Biobased Industries)
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This research asks and answers a question that had been avoided by all the previous research on biofuels impacts. That is, to what extent are the US and EU biofuels sustainability criteria binding in the sense that if applied, sufficient land would be available to implement the programs? In answering the question, we simulate the global land by agro-ecological zone that would be needed to supply feedstocks for the US and EU biofuel programs using an advanced version of the GTAP-BIO model. Then we estimate the global area of land that would not be available due to sustainability criteria restrictions, again by agro-ecological zone. Finally, we determine the extent to which the US and EU sustainability criteria are binding and find that they are not binding at the biofuel levels currently targeted by the US and EU. In addition, we evaluate the same question, but this time freezing global food consumption, and get the same answer—plenty of land is available to meet the targets and supply food demands. View Full-Text
Keywords: biofuels sustainability criteria; biofuels mandates; biofuels and food consumption biofuels sustainability criteria; biofuels mandates; biofuels and food consumption
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Treesilvattanakul, K.; Taheripour, F.; Tyner, W.E. Application of US and EU Sustainability Criteria to Analysis of Biofuels-Induced Land Use Change. Energies 2014, 7, 5119-5128.

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