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Energies 2014, 7(7), 4446-4481; doi:10.3390/en7074446

Effect of Lignocellulose Related Compounds on Microalgae Growth and Product Biosynthesis: A Review

1
AgricultureIsLife Platform, University of Liege-Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, Passage des Déportés 2, B-5030 Gembloux, Belgium
2
Genetics of Microorganisms, Institute of Botany, University of Liege, B22, 27, Bld du Rectorat, B-4000 Liège, Belgium
3
Unit of Biological and Industrial Chemistry, University of Liege-Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, Passage des Déportés 2, B-5030 Gembloux, Belgium
4
Cellule Innovation et Créativité, University of Liege-Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, Passage des Déportés, 2, B-5030 Gembloux, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 May 2014 / Revised: 30 June 2014 / Accepted: 1 July 2014 / Published: 11 July 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Algae Based Technologies)
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Abstract

Microalgae contain valuable compounds that can be harnessed for industrial applications. Lignocellulose biomass is a plant material containing in abundance organic substances such as carbohydrates, phenolics, organic acids and other secondary compounds. As growth of microalgae on organic substances was confirmed during heterotrophic and mixotrophic cultivation, lignocellulose derived compounds can become a feedstock to cultivate microalgae and produce target compounds. In this review, different treatment methods to hydrolyse lignocellulose into organic substrates are presented first. Secondly, the effect of lignocellulosic hydrolysates, organic substances typically present in lignocellulosic hydrolysates, as well as minor co-products, on growth and accumulation of target compounds in microalgae cultures is described. Finally, the possibilities of using lignocellulose hydrolysates as a common feedstock for microalgae cultures are evaluated. View Full-Text
Keywords: lignocellulose; hydrolysis; microalgae; cultivation; extraction; bioproducts lignocellulose; hydrolysis; microalgae; cultivation; extraction; bioproducts
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Miazek, K.; Remacle, C.; Richel, A.; Goffin, D. Effect of Lignocellulose Related Compounds on Microalgae Growth and Product Biosynthesis: A Review. Energies 2014, 7, 4446-4481.

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