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Energies 2014, 7(7), 4281-4299; doi:10.3390/en7074281

Unit Commitment Considering Interruptible Load for Power System Operation with Wind Power

1 School of Electrical Engineering & Computer Science, Seoul National University, Gwanak-ro 599, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151-744, Korea 2 Wind Energy Grid-Adaptive Technology Research Center, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756, Korea
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 May 2014 / Revised: 20 June 2014 / Accepted: 26 June 2014 / Published: 3 July 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wind Turbines 2014)
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A high wind-power penetration level causes increased uncertainty in power system operation because of the variability and limited predictability of wind generation. This paper proposes a novel type of unit commitment (UC) considering spinning reserve and interruptible load (IL) as operating reserve facilities to increase system flexibility for reliable, economical operation. Two uncertainty sources, load and wind generation, were modeled via autoregressive moving averages (ARMA). The formulation of interruptible load was considered in the implementation of unit commitments. Lagrangian relaxation-dynamic programming (LR-DP) was used to solve the unit commitment problem efficiently. The expected energy not supplied (EENS) was regarded as a probabilistic reliability criterion. The effectiveness of the proposed unit commitment was evaluated using an IEEE 118-bus system. The simulation results clearly demonstrated that with demand-side participation, the operating cost was significantly reduced when handling the increased uncertainty due to wind power integration within the required reliability criteria.
Keywords: unit commitment; interruptible load; spinning reserve; wind generation unit commitment; interruptible load; spinning reserve; wind generation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Park, H.-G.; Lyu, J.-K.; Kang, Y.; Park, J.-K. Unit Commitment Considering Interruptible Load for Power System Operation with Wind Power. Energies 2014, 7, 4281-4299.

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