Energies 2014, 7(4), 2720-2739; doi:10.3390/en7042720
Article

Downscaling the Impacts of Large-Scale LUCC on Surface Temperature along with IPCC RCPs: A Global Perspective

1,2,* email, 1,2,3email, 4email, 1,2email, 1,2,3email, 4email, 1,2email and 5email
Received: 31 January 2014; in revised form: 12 April 2014 / Accepted: 17 April 2014 / Published: 24 April 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Large Scale LUCC, Surface Energy Fluxes and Energy Use)
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Abstract: This study focuses on the potential impacts of large-scale land use and land cover changes (LUCC) on surface temperature from a global perspective. As important types of LUCC, urbanization, deforestation, cultivated land reclamation, and grassland degradation have effects on the climate, the potential changes of the surface temperature caused by these four types of large-scale LUCC from 2010 to 2050 are downscaled, and this issue analyzed worldwide along with Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The first case study presents some evidence of the effects of future urbanization on surface temperature in the Northeast megalopolis of the United States of America (USA). In order to understand the potential climatological variability caused by future forest deforestation and vulnerability, we chose Brazilian Amazon region as the second case study. The third selected region in India as a typical region of cultivated land reclamation where the possible climatic impacts are explored. In the fourth case study, we simulate the surface temperature changes caused by future grassland degradation in Mongolia. Results show that the temperature in built-up area would increase obviously throughout the four land types. In addition, the effects of all four large-scale LUCC on monthly average temperature change would vary from month to month with obviously spatial heterogeneity.
Keywords: LUCC; surface temperature; urbanization; deforestation; cultivated land reclamation; grassland degradation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Deng, X.; Zhao, C.; Lin, Y.; Zhang, T.; Qu, Y.; Zhang, F.; Wang, Z.; Wu, F. Downscaling the Impacts of Large-Scale LUCC on Surface Temperature along with IPCC RCPs: A Global Perspective. Energies 2014, 7, 2720-2739.

AMA Style

Deng X, Zhao C, Lin Y, Zhang T, Qu Y, Zhang F, Wang Z, Wu F. Downscaling the Impacts of Large-Scale LUCC on Surface Temperature along with IPCC RCPs: A Global Perspective. Energies. 2014; 7(4):2720-2739.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Deng, Xiangzheng; Zhao, Chunhong; Lin, Yingzhi; Zhang, Tao; Qu, Yi; Zhang, Fan; Wang, Zhan; Wu, Feng. 2014. "Downscaling the Impacts of Large-Scale LUCC on Surface Temperature along with IPCC RCPs: A Global Perspective." Energies 7, no. 4: 2720-2739.


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