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Economic Scheduling of Residential Plug-In (Hybrid) Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Charging
AbstractIn the past decade, plug-in (hybrid) electric vehicles (PHEVs) have been widely proposed as a viable alternative to internal combustion vehicles to reduce fossil fuel emissions and dependence on petroleum. Off-peak vehicle charging is frequently proposed to reduce the stress on the electric power grid by shaping the load curve. Time of use (TOU) rates have been recommended to incentivize PHEV owners to shift their charging patterns. Many utilities are not currently equipped to provide real-time use rates to their customers, but can provide two or three staggered rate levels. To date, an analysis of the optimal number of levels and rate-duration of TOU rates for a given consumer demographic versus utility generation mix has not been performed. In this paper, we propose to use the U.S. National Household Travel Survey (NHTS) database as a basis to analyze typical PHEV energy requirements. We use Monte Carlo methods to model the uncertainty inherent in battery state-of-charge and trip duration. We conclude the paper with an analysis of a different TOU rate schedule proposed by a mix of U.S. utilities. We introduce a centralized scheduling strategy for PHEV charging using a genetic algorithm to accommodate the size and complexity of the optimization.
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Maigha; Crow, M.L. Economic Scheduling of Residential Plug-In (Hybrid) Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Charging. Energies 2014, 7, 1876-1898.View more citation formats
Maigha, Crow ML. Economic Scheduling of Residential Plug-In (Hybrid) Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Charging. Energies. 2014; 7(4):1876-1898.Chicago/Turabian Style
Maigha; Crow, Mariesa L. 2014. "Economic Scheduling of Residential Plug-In (Hybrid) Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Charging." Energies 7, no. 4: 1876-1898.