Next Article in Journal
Impact of Hot-Water Extraction on Acetone-Water Oxygen Delignification of Paulownia Spp. and Lignin Recovery
Next Article in Special Issue
Research on the Power Management Strategy of Hybrid Electric Vehicles Based on Electric Variable Transmissions
Previous Article in Journal
Fractionation for Biodiesel Purification Using Supercritical Carbon Dioxide
Previous Article in Special Issue
Energy-Regenerative Braking Control of Electric Vehicles Using Three-Phase Brushless Direct-Current Motors
Energies 2014, 7(2), 834-856; doi:10.3390/en7020834

Convex Optimization for the Energy Management of Hybrid Electric Vehicles Considering Engine Start and Gearshift Costs

* ,
Institute for Dynamic Systems and Control, ETH Zurich, Sonneggstrasse 3, Zurich 8092, Switzerland
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 November 2013 / Revised: 30 January 2014 / Accepted: 5 February 2014 / Published: 19 February 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Hybrid Vehicles)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [549 KB, uploaded 17 March 2015]   |  


This paper presents a novel method to solve the energy management problem for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) with engine start and gearshift costs. The method is based on a combination of deterministic dynamic programming (DP) and convex optimization. As demonstrated in a case study, the method yields globally optimal results while returning the solution in much less time than the conventional DP method. In addition, the proposed method handles state constraints, which allows for the application to scenarios where the battery state of charge (SOC) reaches its boundaries.
Keywords: HEV; energy management; convex optimization HEV; energy management; convex optimization
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote |
MDPI and ACS Style

Nüesch, T.; Elbert, P.; Flankl, M.; Onder, C.; Guzzella, L. Convex Optimization for the Energy Management of Hybrid Electric Vehicles Considering Engine Start and Gearshift Costs. Energies 2014, 7, 834-856.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here


[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert