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Energies 2014, 7(12), 8355-8373; doi:10.3390/en7128355

Using the Direct Search Method for Optimal Dispatch of Distributed Generation in a Medium-Voltage Microgrid

Department of Industrial Education and Technology, National Changhua University of Education, No. 2, Shida Road, Changhua 500, Taiwan
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Received: 15 September 2014 / Revised: 28 November 2014 / Accepted: 4 December 2014 / Published: 12 December 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microgrids)
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Abstract

This paper proposes a simple and efficient approach for the optimal dispatch in a medium-voltage microgrid (MG) with various types of distributed generation (DG). The fuel costs generated by these DGs are determined using quadratic and linear functions dependent on the types of DGs. Instead of using the traditional Lagrange multiplier method for power system economic dispatch, the proposed direct search method (DSM) approach is able to handle several inequality constraints without introducing any multipliers and furthermore it can solve the non-derivative problems or the fuel cost functions being much more complicated. Accordingly, the DSM is proposed for determining the optimal dispatch of MGs with various types of DG to minimize generation costs under grid-tied and autonomous operations. Results demonstrate that the proposed DSM is a highly suitable and simple approach to determining the optimal dispatch in medium-voltage MGs with various types of DG. View Full-Text
Keywords: direct search method (DSM); microgrid (MG); distributed energy resources (DERs); distributed generation (DG); optimal dispatch direct search method (DSM); microgrid (MG); distributed energy resources (DERs); distributed generation (DG); optimal dispatch
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Huang, W.-T.; Yao, K.-C.; Wu, C.-C. Using the Direct Search Method for Optimal Dispatch of Distributed Generation in a Medium-Voltage Microgrid. Energies 2014, 7, 8355-8373.

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