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Energies 2014, 7(11), 6825-6836; doi:10.3390/en7116825

Sustainability Criteria and Indicators for the Bio-Based Economy in Europe: State of Discussion and Way Forward

1
International Institute for Sustainability Analysis and Strategy (IINAS), Heidelberger Str. 129 ½, Darmstadt 64285, Germany
2
International Institute for Sustainability Analysis and Strategy (IINAS), C/Escuadra 11, Madrid 28012, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 June 2014 / Revised: 5 September 2014 / Accepted: 9 October 2014 / Published: 24 October 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomass Resource Efficiency for the Biobased Industries)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [207 KB, uploaded 17 March 2015]

Abstract

There is a strong interest in the EU to promote the bioeconomy sector within the EU 2020 strategy. It is thus necessary to assure a sound sustainability framework. This paper reviews international and European sustainability initiatives mainly for biomass for bioenergy. The basic and advanced sustainability indicators are identified and described with particular attention to those points without agreement between stakeholders. Based on the state of the discussion, some suggestions to enhance the sustainable development of the bioeconomy sector are proposed. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability; criteria and indicators; biomass; bioenergy; bioeconomy sustainability; criteria and indicators; biomass; bioenergy; bioeconomy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Fritsche, U.R.; Iriarte, L. Sustainability Criteria and Indicators for the Bio-Based Economy in Europe: State of Discussion and Way Forward. Energies 2014, 7, 6825-6836.

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