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Energies 2014, 7(10), 6571-6592; doi:10.3390/en7106571

Modeling and Control of a Parallel Waste Heat Recovery System for Euro-VI Heavy-Duty Diesel Engines

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, Den Dolech 2, 5612 AZ Eindhoven, The Netherlands
2
Powertrain Department, TNO Automotive, Steenovenweg 1, 5708 HN Helmond, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 June 2014 / Revised: 11 September 2014 / Accepted: 29 September 2014 / Published: 14 October 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Waste Heat Recovery—Strategy and Practice)
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Abstract

This paper presents the modeling and control of a waste heat recovery systemfor a Euro-VI heavy-duty truck engine. The considered waste heat recovery system consists of two parallel evaporators with expander and pumps mechanically coupled to the engine crankshaft. Compared to previous work, the waste heat recovery system modeling is improved by including evaporator models that combine the finite difference modeling approach with a moving boundary one. Over a specific cycle, the steady-state and dynamic temperature prediction accuracy improved on average by 2% and 7%. From a control design perspective, the objective is to maximize the waste heat recovery system output power.However, for safe system operation, the vapor state needs to be maintained before the expander under highly dynamic engine disturbances. To achieve this, a switching model predictive control strategy is developed. The proposed control strategy performance is demonstrated using the high-fidelity waste heat recovery system model subject to measured disturbances from an Euro-VI heavy-duty diesel engine. Simulations are performed usinga cold-start World Harmonized Transient cycle that covers typical urban, rural and highway driving conditions. The model predictive control strategy provides 15% more time in vaporand recovered thermal energy than a classical proportional-integral (PI) control strategy. In the case that the model is accurately known, the proposed control strategy performance can be improved by 10% in terms of time in vapor and recovered thermal energy. This is demonstrated with an offline nonlinear model predictive control strategy. View Full-Text
Keywords: waste heat recovery; Rankine cycle; heat exchanger; diesel engine;heavy-duty; control waste heat recovery; Rankine cycle; heat exchanger; diesel engine;heavy-duty; control
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Feru, E.; Willems, F.; de Jager, B.; Steinbuch, M. Modeling and Control of a Parallel Waste Heat Recovery System for Euro-VI Heavy-Duty Diesel Engines. Energies 2014, 7, 6571-6592.

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