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Energies 2014, 7(10), 6549-6557; doi:10.3390/en7106549

Development and Characterization of an Electrically Rechargeable Zinc-Air Battery Stack

Department of Chemical Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 July 2014 / Revised: 15 September 2014 / Accepted: 25 September 2014 / Published: 13 October 2014
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Abstract

An electrically rechargeable zinc-air battery stack consisting of three single cells in series was designed using a novel structured bipolar plate with air-breathing holes. Alpha-MnO2 and LaNiO3 severed as the catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER). The anodic and cathodic polarization and individual cell voltages were measured at constant charge-discharge (C-D) current densities indicating a uniform voltage profile for each single cell. One hundred C-D cycles were carried out for the stack. The results showed that, over the initial 10 cycles, the average C-D voltage gap was about 0.94 V and the average energy efficiency reached 89.28% with current density charging at 15 mA·cm−2 and discharging at 25 mA·cm−2. The total increase in charging voltage over the 100 C-D cycles was ~1.56% demonstrating excellent stability performance. The stack performance degradation was analyzed by galvanostatic electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The charge transfer resistance of ORR increased from 1.57 to 2.21 Ω and that of Zn/Zn2+ reaction increased from 0.21 to 0.34 Ω after 100 C-D cycles. The quantitative analysis guided the potential for the optimization of both positive and negative electrodes to improve the cycle life of the cell stack. View Full-Text
Keywords: electrically rechargeable zinc-air battery stack; oxygen reduction reaction; oxygen evolution reaction; polarization; charge-discharge cycles electrically rechargeable zinc-air battery stack; oxygen reduction reaction; oxygen evolution reaction; polarization; charge-discharge cycles
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ma, H.; Wang, B.; Fan, Y.; Hong, W. Development and Characterization of an Electrically Rechargeable Zinc-Air Battery Stack. Energies 2014, 7, 6549-6557.

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