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Energies 2013, 6(6), 3017-3032; doi:10.3390/en6063017

A Combined Fuzzy-AHP and Fuzzy-GRA Methodology for Hydrogen Energy Storage Method Selection in Turkey

1,* , 2
1 Department of Industrial Engineering, Mechanical Faculty, Yildiz Technical University, İstanbul 34349, Turkey 2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Technology, Marmara University, İstanbul 34722, Turkey 3 Automotive Technologies Program, Amasya Vocational School, Amasya 5100, Turkey
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 April 2013 / Revised: 30 May 2013 / Accepted: 13 June 2013 / Published: 20 June 2013
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In this paper, we aim to select the most appropriate Hydrogen Energy Storage (HES) method for Turkey from among the alternatives of tank, metal hydride and chemical storage, which are determined based on expert opinions and literature review. Thus, we propose a Buckley extension based fuzzy Analytical Hierarchical Process (Fuzzy-AHP) and linear normalization based fuzzy Grey Relational Analysis (Fuzzy-GRA) combined Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) methodology. This combined approach can be applied to a complex decision process, which often makes sense with subjective data or vague information; and used to solve to solve HES selection problem with different defuzzification methods. The proposed approach is unique both in the HES literature and the MCDM literature.
Keywords: hydrogen energy storage; fuzzy-AHP; fuzzy-GRA hydrogen energy storage; fuzzy-AHP; fuzzy-GRA
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Gumus, A.T.; Yayla, A.Y.; Çelik, E.; Yildiz, A. A Combined Fuzzy-AHP and Fuzzy-GRA Methodology for Hydrogen Energy Storage Method Selection in Turkey. Energies 2013, 6, 3017-3032.

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