Energies 2013, 6(5), 2686-2708; doi:10.3390/en6052686
Article

Energy-Exergy, Environmental and Economic Criteria in Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Plants: Indexes for the Evaluation of the Cogeneration Potential

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Received: 27 February 2013; in revised form: 6 May 2013 / Accepted: 17 May 2013 / Published: 22 May 2013
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Abstract: In the first part of this work, combined heat and power (CHP) criteria pertaining to energy, exergy, environmental (pollutant emission) and economic aspects, have been investigated and compared. Although the constraints in legislation usually refer to energy efficiency, primary energy savings and greenhouse gas savings, other criteria should also be taken into account in order to obtain a better evaluation of a cogeneration plant. Here particular attention has been paid to saving indexes for both an individual CHP-unit and for a CHP-system, that is the complete system with all the cogeneration units and the auxiliary plants necessary to cover the users’ demand. Five indexes, named potential indexes, have been introduced to evaluate the cogeneration potential: one for energy saving, one for exergy, two for environmental aspects (global and local scale) and one for economic aspects. Finally, some indexes analysed in the paper have been applied to a case study concerning a district heating cogeneration system, and the different behaviour of the energy-exergy, environmental and economic aspects has been discussed.
Keywords: combined heat and power (CHP); energy indexes; exergy indexes; environmental indexes; economic indexes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Torchio, M.F. Energy-Exergy, Environmental and Economic Criteria in Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Plants: Indexes for the Evaluation of the Cogeneration Potential. Energies 2013, 6, 2686-2708.

AMA Style

Torchio MF. Energy-Exergy, Environmental and Economic Criteria in Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Plants: Indexes for the Evaluation of the Cogeneration Potential. Energies. 2013; 6(5):2686-2708.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Torchio, Marco F. 2013. "Energy-Exergy, Environmental and Economic Criteria in Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Plants: Indexes for the Evaluation of the Cogeneration Potential." Energies 6, no. 5: 2686-2708.


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