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A Novel Routing Algorithm for Power Line Communication over a Low-voltage Distribution Network in a Smart Grid
Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 November 2012; in revised form: 28 January 2013 / Accepted: 21 February 2013 / Published: 5 March 2013
Abstract: A novel artificial cobweb routing algorithm (ACRA) for routing the tree-type physical topology of a low-voltage distribution network in a smart grid is proposed and analyzed in this paper. The establishment, maintenance and reconstruction of the route are presented. The artificial cobweb routing algorithm is shown to have broad general applicability for power line communication. To provide a theoretical foundation for further research, the communication delay of the network is calculated accurately. Simulation analysis of the communication delay and throughputs, which were based on Opnet14.5, demonstrate the accuracy of the theoretical calculation. For the performance evaluation of ACRA, a test-bed that includes PLC nodes with the ACRA is set up in a noisy environment. Experimental results show the feasibility of the ACRA algorithm. These indicate that ACRA is effective for guaranteeing Quality of Service (QoS) and reliability in power line communication.
Keywords: smart grid; power-line communication; artificial cobweb routing algorithm; reliability; quality of service
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Zhang, L.; Liu, X.; Zhou, Y.; Xu, D. A Novel Routing Algorithm for Power Line Communication over a Low-voltage Distribution Network in a Smart Grid. Energies 2013, 6, 1421-1438.
Zhang L, Liu X, Zhou Y, Xu D. A Novel Routing Algorithm for Power Line Communication over a Low-voltage Distribution Network in a Smart Grid. Energies. 2013; 6(3):1421-1438.
Zhang, Liang; Liu, Xiaosheng; Zhou, Yan; Xu, Dianguo. 2013. "A Novel Routing Algorithm for Power Line Communication over a Low-voltage Distribution Network in a Smart Grid." Energies 6, no. 3: 1421-1438.