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Short-Term Load Forecasting for Microgrids Based on Artificial Neural Networks
Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT), Autovía de Navarra A15, salida 56, Lubia 42290, Soria, Spain
Universidad de Valladolid, Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Telecomunicación, Campus Miguel Delibes, Paseo de Belén 15, Valladolid 47011, Spain
Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Departamento de Comunicaciones, Camino Vera s/n. 46022, Valencia, Spain
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 November 2012; in revised form: 18 February 2013 / Accepted: 20 February 2013 / Published: 5 March 2013
Abstract: Electricity is indispensable and of strategic importance to national economies. Consequently, electric utilities make an effort to balance power generation and demand in order to offer a good service at a competitive price. For this purpose, these utilities need electric load forecasts to be as accurate as possible. However, electric load depends on many factors (day of the week, month of the year, etc.), which makes load forecasting quite a complex process requiring something other than statistical methods. This study presents an electric load forecast architectural model based on an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) that performs Short-Term Load Forecasting (STLF). In this study, we present the excellent results obtained, and highlight the simplicity of the proposed model. Load forecasting was performed in a geographic location of the size of a potential microgrid, as microgrids appear to be the future of electric power supply.
Keywords: artificial neural network; distributed intelligence; short-term load forecasting; smart grid; microgrid; multilayer perceptron
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MDPI and ACS Style
Hernandez, L.; Baladrón, C.; Aguiar, J.M.; Carro, B.; Sanchez-Esguevillas, A.J.; Lloret, J. Short-Term Load Forecasting for Microgrids Based on Artificial Neural Networks. Energies 2013, 6, 1385-1408.
Hernandez L, Baladrón C, Aguiar JM, Carro B, Sanchez-Esguevillas AJ, Lloret J. Short-Term Load Forecasting for Microgrids Based on Artificial Neural Networks. Energies. 2013; 6(3):1385-1408.
Hernandez, Luis; Baladrón, Carlos; Aguiar, Javier M.; Carro, Belén; Sanchez-Esguevillas, Antonio J.; Lloret, Jaime. 2013. "Short-Term Load Forecasting for Microgrids Based on Artificial Neural Networks." Energies 6, no. 3: 1385-1408.