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Asymmetrical Interleaved DC/DC Switching Converters for Photovoltaic and Fuel Cell Applications—Part 2: Control-Oriented Models
Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Medellin 05001000, Colombia
Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona 43007, Spain
Instituto Tecnológico Metropolitano, Medellin 05001000, Colombia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 July 2013; in revised form: 26 August 2013 / Accepted: 5 September 2013 / Published: 23 October 2013
Abstract: A previous article has presented the members of the asymmetrical interleaved dc/dc switching converters family as very appropriate candidates to interface between photovoltaic or fuel cell generators and their loads because of their reduced ripple and increased current processing capabilities. After a review of the main modeling methods suitable for high-order converters operating, as the asymmetrical interleaved converters (AIC) ones, in discontinuous current conduction mode a full-order averaged model has been adapted and improved to describe the dynamic behavior of AIC. The excellent agreement between the mathematical model predictions, the switched simulations and the experimental results has allowed for satisfactory design of a linear-quadratic regulator (LQR) in a fuel-cell application example, which demonstrates the usefulness of the improved control-oriented modeling approach when the switching converters operate in discontinuous conduction mode.
Keywords: DC/DC switching converters; photovoltaic; fuel cell; interleaved topologies; asymmetrical interleaving; discontinuous conduction mode (DCM); control-oriented model
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Arango, E.; Ramos-Paja, C.A.; Calvente, J.; Giral, R.; Serna-Garces, S.I. Asymmetrical Interleaved DC/DC Switching Converters for Photovoltaic and Fuel Cell Applications—Part 2: Control-Oriented Models. Energies 2013, 6, 5570-5596.
Arango E, Ramos-Paja CA, Calvente J, Giral R, Serna-Garces SI. Asymmetrical Interleaved DC/DC Switching Converters for Photovoltaic and Fuel Cell Applications—Part 2: Control-Oriented Models. Energies. 2013; 6(10):5570-5596.
Arango, Eliana; Ramos-Paja, Carlos A.; Calvente, Javier; Giral, Roberto; Serna-Garces, Sergio I. 2013. "Asymmetrical Interleaved DC/DC Switching Converters for Photovoltaic and Fuel Cell Applications—Part 2: Control-Oriented Models." Energies 6, no. 10: 5570-5596.