Energies 2012, 5(3), 752-769; doi:10.3390/en5030752
Article

Electrical Circuit Flashover Model of Polluted Insulators under AC Voltage Based on the Arc Root Voltage Gradient Criterion

1 State Key Laboratory of Power Transmission Equipment & System Security and New Technology, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400030, China 2 Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Research Laboratory of Electronics, Laboratory for Electromagnetic and Electronic Systems, High Voltage Research Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 January 2012; in revised form: 6 March 2012 / Accepted: 10 March 2012 / Published: 15 March 2012
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Abstract: In order to study the flashover mechanism of polluted insulators under AC voltage, a new arc propagation criterion which is based on an arc root voltage gradient is proposed. This criterion can explain the variation of the arc root voltage gradient in the arc propagation process. Based on this criterion, a new distributed parameter electrical circuit flashover model of polluted insulators is presented. The arc channel is considered as an equivalent distributed parameter circuit model instead of using the arc voltage-gradient equation. The parameters of the arc model are obtained from the electromagnetic field distribution of the arc and the gas discharge theories. The arc root is considered as parallel paths including the polluted layer. The variation of the voltage on the arc root is related to the capability of arc propagation. This model takes the microscopic mechanism of arc root ionization into consideration, which can improve the accuracy of the flashover model. The results obtained from the presented model are in good agreement with other mathematical and experimental results.
Keywords: arc root voltage gradient; flashover mechanism; circuit model of insulator; AC arc

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, Q.; Wang, R.; Sima, W.; Jiang, C.; Lan, X.; Zahn, M. Electrical Circuit Flashover Model of Polluted Insulators under AC Voltage Based on the Arc Root Voltage Gradient Criterion. Energies 2012, 5, 752-769.

AMA Style

Yang Q, Wang R, Sima W, Jiang C, Lan X, Zahn M. Electrical Circuit Flashover Model of Polluted Insulators under AC Voltage Based on the Arc Root Voltage Gradient Criterion. Energies. 2012; 5(3):752-769.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yang, Qing; Wang, Rui; Sima, Wenxia; Jiang, Chilong; Lan, Xing; Zahn, Markus. 2012. "Electrical Circuit Flashover Model of Polluted Insulators under AC Voltage Based on the Arc Root Voltage Gradient Criterion." Energies 5, no. 3: 752-769.

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