Energies 2012, 5(12), 5065-5085; doi:10.3390/en5125065
Article

Modeling Woody Biomass Procurement for Bioenergy Production at the Atikokan Generating Station in Northwestern Ontario, Canada

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Received: 6 August 2012; in revised form: 15 November 2012 / Accepted: 23 November 2012 / Published: 3 December 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wood to Energy)
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Abstract: Efficient procurement and utilization of woody biomass for bioenergy production requires a good understanding of biomass supply chains. In this paper, a dynamic optimization model has been developed and applied to estimate monthly supply and procurement costs of woody biomass required for the Atikokan Generating Station (AGS) in northwestern Ontario, based on its monthly electricity production schedule. The decision variables in the model are monthly harvest levels of two types of woody biomass, forest harvest residues and unutilized biomass, from 19,315 forest depletion cells (each 1 km2) for a one year planning horizon. Sixteen scenarios are tested to examine the sensitivity of the cost minimization model to changing economic and technological parameters. Reduction in moisture content and improvement of conversion efficiency showed relatively higher reductions in monthly and total costs of woody biomass feedstock for the AGS. The results of this study help in understanding and designing decision support systems for optimal biomass supply chains under dynamic operational frameworks.
Keywords: forest cells; logistics cost; optimization; road network; supply chain management
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Alam, M.B.; Pulkki, R.; Shahi, C.; Upadhyay, T. Modeling Woody Biomass Procurement for Bioenergy Production at the Atikokan Generating Station in Northwestern Ontario, Canada. Energies 2012, 5, 5065-5085.

AMA Style

Alam MB, Pulkki R, Shahi C, Upadhyay T. Modeling Woody Biomass Procurement for Bioenergy Production at the Atikokan Generating Station in Northwestern Ontario, Canada. Energies. 2012; 5(12):5065-5085.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alam, Md. B.; Pulkki, Reino; Shahi, Chander; Upadhyay, Thakur. 2012. "Modeling Woody Biomass Procurement for Bioenergy Production at the Atikokan Generating Station in Northwestern Ontario, Canada." Energies 5, no. 12: 5065-5085.


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