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Energies 2012, 5(11), 4665-4682; doi:10.3390/en5114665
Article

A PEV Charging Service Model for Smart Grids

1,* , 1
,
2
 and
2
1 College of Information Technology, United Arab Emirates University, P.O. Box 17551, Al-Ain, UAE 2 College of Engineering, United Arab Emirates University, P.O. Box 17551, Al-Ain, UAE
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 September 2012 / Revised: 25 October 2012 / Accepted: 6 November 2012 / Published: 16 November 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Grid and the Future Electrical Network)
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Abstract

Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEVs) are envisioned to be more popular during the next decade as part of Smart Grid implementations. Charging multiple PEVs at the same time within a power distribution area constitutes a major challenge for energy service providers. This paper discusses a priority-based approach for charging PEVs in a Smart Grid environment. In this work, ideas from the communication network paradigm are being utilized and tailored toward achieving the desired objective of monitoring and controlling PEVs electric load in Smart Grid. A detailed example is given to show how uncontrolled penetration of PEVs can impact distribution transformer reliability. The paper introduces the concept of Charging Quality of Service (CQoS) as a smart electric vehicle charging scheme and models it using a priority-controlled leaky bucket approach. The performance of such a model is investigated under the umbrella of a Smart Grid environment.
Keywords: vehicle charging scheme; power distribution systems; modeling; plug-in electric vehicle (PEV); smart grid vehicle charging scheme; power distribution systems; modeling; plug-in electric vehicle (PEV); smart grid
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Shuaib, K.; Zhang, L.; Gaouda, A.; Abdel-Hafez, M. A PEV Charging Service Model for Smart Grids. Energies 2012, 5, 4665-4682.

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