Next Article in Journal
Development of a Terminal Control System with Variable Minimum Airflow Rate
Next Article in Special Issue
Impact of PHEVs Penetration on Ontario’s Electricity Grid and Environmental Considerations
Previous Article in Journal
Asymmetrical Interleaved DC/DC Switching Converters for Photovoltaic and Fuel Cell Applications—Part 1: Circuit Generation, Analysis and Design 
Previous Article in Special Issue
Vehicle to Grid Services: Potential and Applications
Energies 2012, 5(11), 4624-4642; doi:10.3390/en5114624
Article

Novel Speed Bumps Design and Optimization for Vehicles' Energy Recovery in Smart Cities

1,* , 2,* , 2,*  and 2
Received: 13 August 2012; in revised form: 11 October 2012 / Accepted: 6 November 2012 / Published: 14 November 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vehicle to Grid)
Download PDF [891 KB, uploaded 14 November 2012]
Abstract: Recently the technology development and increasing amounts of investment in renewables has led to a growing interest towards design and optimization of green energy systems. In this context, advanced Computational Intelligence (CI) techniques can be applied by engineers to several technical problems in order to find out the best structure and to improve efficiency in energy recovery. This research promises to give new impulse to using innovative unconventional renewable sources and to develop the so-called Energy Harvesting Devices (EHDs). In this paper, the optimization of a Tubular Permanent Magnet-Linear Generator for energy harvesting from vehicles to grid is presented. The optimization process is developed by means of hybrid evolutionary algorithms to reach the best overall system efficiency and the impact on the environment and transportation systems. Finally, an experimental validation of the designed EHD prototype is presented.
Keywords: energy harvesting; vehicle; tubular linear generator; computational intelligence methods; smart cities energy harvesting; vehicle; tubular linear generator; computational intelligence methods; smart cities
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Pirisi, A.; Grimaccia, F.; Mussetta, M.; Zich, R.E. Novel Speed Bumps Design and Optimization for Vehicles' Energy Recovery in Smart Cities. Energies 2012, 5, 4624-4642.

AMA Style

Pirisi A, Grimaccia F, Mussetta M, Zich RE. Novel Speed Bumps Design and Optimization for Vehicles' Energy Recovery in Smart Cities. Energies. 2012; 5(11):4624-4642.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pirisi, Andrea; Grimaccia, Francesco; Mussetta, Marco; Zich, Riccardo E. 2012. "Novel Speed Bumps Design and Optimization for Vehicles' Energy Recovery in Smart Cities." Energies 5, no. 11: 4624-4642.


Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert