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Residential Solar-Based Seasonal Thermal Storage Systems in Cold Climates: Building Envelope and Thermal Storage
Halsall Associates, 2300 Yonge Street, Suite 2300 Toronto, Ontario M4P 1E4, Canada
Department of Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Computer Science, Concordia University, Montréal, Québec H3G 1M8, Canada
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 August 2012; in revised form: 26 September 2012 / Accepted: 8 October 2012 / Published: 16 October 2012
Abstract: The reduction of electricity use for heating and domestic hot water in cold climates can be achieved by: (1) reducing the heating loads through the improvement of the thermal performance of house envelopes, and (2) using solar energy through a residential solar-based thermal storage system. First, this paper presents the life cycle energy and cost analysis of a typical one-storey detached house, located in Montreal, Canada. Simulation of annual energy use is performed using the TRNSYS software. Second, several design alternatives with improved thermal resistance for walls, ceiling and windows, increased overall air tightness, and increased window-to-wall ratio of South facing windows are evaluated with respect to the life cycle energy use, life cycle emissions and life cycle cost. The solution that minimizes the energy demand is chosen as a reference house for the study of long-term thermal storage. Third, the computer simulation of a solar heating system with solar thermal collectors and long-term thermal storage capacity is presented. Finally, the life cycle cost and life cycle energy use of the solar combisystem are estimated for flat-plate solar collectors and evacuated tube solar collectors, respectively, for the economic and climatic conditions of this study.
Keywords: combisystem; heating; solar energy; house; envelope; storage; energy; cost; life cycle
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MDPI and ACS Style
Hugo, A.; Zmeureanu, R. Residential Solar-Based Seasonal Thermal Storage Systems in Cold Climates: Building Envelope and Thermal Storage. Energies 2012, 5, 3972-3985.
Hugo A, Zmeureanu R. Residential Solar-Based Seasonal Thermal Storage Systems in Cold Climates: Building Envelope and Thermal Storage. Energies. 2012; 5(10):3972-3985.
Hugo, Alexandre; Zmeureanu, Radu. 2012. "Residential Solar-Based Seasonal Thermal Storage Systems in Cold Climates: Building Envelope and Thermal Storage." Energies 5, no. 10: 3972-3985.