Next Article in Journal
Next Article in Special Issue
Previous Article in Journal
Previous Article in Special Issue
Energies 2012, 5(1), 92-100; doi:10.3390/en5010092
Article

Correlation of the Growth Rate of the Hydrate Layer at a Guest/Liquid-Water Interface to Mass Transfer Resistance

 and *
Received: 14 December 2011; in revised form: 10 January 2012 / Accepted: 11 January 2012 / Published: 18 January 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Natural Gas Hydrate 2011)
Download PDF [620 KB, uploaded 18 January 2012]
Abstract: Growth rate of a hydrate layer at the guest/liquid-water interface is analyzed considering the conjugate process of the mass-transfer and hydrate crystal growth. Hydrate-layer growth rate data in the literature are often compiled according to the system subcooling (∆T TeqTex, where Teq is the equilibrium dissociation temperature of the hydrate and Tex is the system temperature), suggesting predominant heat transfer limitations. In this paper, we investigate how the existing data on hydrate-layer growth is better correlated to mass transfer of the guest species in liquid water in three-phase equilibrium with bulk guest fluid and hydrate. We have analyzed the conjugate processes of mass-transfer/hydrate-layer-growth following our previous study on the hydrate crystal growth into liquid water saturated with a guest substance. A dimensionless parameter representing the hydrate-layer growth rate is derived from the analysis. This analysis is based on the idea that the growth rate is controlled by the mass transfer of the hydrate-guest substance, dissolved in the bulk of liquid water, to the front of the growing hydrate-layer along the guest/water interface. The variations in the hydrate-layer growth rate observed in the previous studies are related to the dimensionless parameter.
Keywords: clathrate hydrate; crystal growth rate; mass transfer clathrate hydrate; crystal growth rate; mass transfer
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Kishimoto, M.; Ohmura, R. Correlation of the Growth Rate of the Hydrate Layer at a Guest/Liquid-Water Interface to Mass Transfer Resistance. Energies 2012, 5, 92-100.

AMA Style

Kishimoto M, Ohmura R. Correlation of the Growth Rate of the Hydrate Layer at a Guest/Liquid-Water Interface to Mass Transfer Resistance. Energies. 2012; 5(1):92-100.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kishimoto, Masatoshi; Ohmura, Ryo. 2012. "Correlation of the Growth Rate of the Hydrate Layer at a Guest/Liquid-Water Interface to Mass Transfer Resistance." Energies 5, no. 1: 92-100.


Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert