Energies 2011, 4(5), 804-817; doi:10.3390/en4050804
Review

Utilization of Natural Farm Resources for Promoting High Energy Efficiency in Low-Input Organic Farming

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Received: 15 February 2011; in revised form: 10 March 2011 / Accepted: 9 May 2011 / Published: 12 May 2011
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Both organic and conventional farming processes require energy input in the form of diesel fuel for farming equipment, animal feed, and fertilizer compounds. The most significant difference between the two methods is the use in conventional farming of mineral fertilizers and pesticides that are minimally employed in organic management. It is argued that organic farming is more environmentally friendly, given that synthetic fertilizers mainly used at conventional farms are replaced with animal manure and cover crops. Nutrient uptake by plants is additionally enhanced by the effective use of rhizobia and other types of plant growth-promoting bacteria, in combination with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. This article aims to compare the amounts and/or types of energy and nutrients required for both farming systems and provide feasible suggestions for the sustainable use of farm resources in combination with good crop yields.
Keywords: energy; nutrient; recycling; organic farming
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MDPI and ACS Style

Arthurson, V.; Jäderlund, L. Utilization of Natural Farm Resources for Promoting High Energy Efficiency in Low-Input Organic Farming. Energies 2011, 4, 804-817.

AMA Style

Arthurson V, Jäderlund L. Utilization of Natural Farm Resources for Promoting High Energy Efficiency in Low-Input Organic Farming. Energies. 2011; 4(5):804-817.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Arthurson, Veronica; Jäderlund, Lotta. 2011. "Utilization of Natural Farm Resources for Promoting High Energy Efficiency in Low-Input Organic Farming." Energies 4, no. 5: 804-817.

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