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Evaluation of Various Solid Biomass Fuels Using Thermal Analysis and Gas Emission Tests
National Research Institute of Fire and Disaster, 4-35-3 Jindaiji-Higashi, Chofu, Tokyo 182-8508, Japan
Received: 21 February 2011; in revised form: 28 March 2011 / Accepted: 15 April 2011 / Published: 18 April 2011
Abstract: Various recently proposed biomass fuels are reviewed from the point of view of their safety. Many biomass materials are proposed for use as fuels, such as refuse derived fuel (RDF), wood chips, coal-wood mixtures, etc. However, these fuels have high energy potentials and can cause fires and explosions. We have experienced many such incidents. It is very difficult to extinguish fires in huge piles of biomass fuel or storage facilities. Here current studies on heat generation for these materials and proposed evaluation methods for these new developing materials in Japan are introduced, which are consistent with measurements using highly sensitive calorimeters such as C80, or TAM, and gas emission tests. The highly sensitive calorimeters can detect small heat generation between room temperature and 80 °C, due to fermentation or other causes. This heat generation sometimes initiates real fires, and also produces combustible gases which can explode if fuel is stored in silos or indoor storage facilities.
Keywords: biomass fuel; thermal analysis; high sensitive calorimeter; gas emission test
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Koseki, H. Evaluation of Various Solid Biomass Fuels Using Thermal Analysis and Gas Emission Tests. Energies 2011, 4, 616-627.
Koseki H. Evaluation of Various Solid Biomass Fuels Using Thermal Analysis and Gas Emission Tests. Energies. 2011; 4(4):616-627.
Koseki, Hiroshi. 2011. "Evaluation of Various Solid Biomass Fuels Using Thermal Analysis and Gas Emission Tests." Energies 4, no. 4: 616-627.