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Energies 2011, 4(10), 1779-1839; doi:10.3390/en4101779

Polymer Combustion as a Basis for Hybrid Propulsion: A Comprehensive Review and New Numerical Approaches

1
Fire Safety Engineering Research and Technology Centre, School of the Built Environment, Built Environment Research Institute, University of Ulster, Newtownabbey, BT37 0QB, UK
2
Aerospace Research and Development Directorate, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 7-44-1 Jindaiji-Higashi, Chofu, Tokyo 182-8522, Japan
3
Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Chuo, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5210, Japan
4
School of Computing and Mathematics, Computer Science Research Institute, University of Ulster, Newtownabbey, BT37 0QB, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 July 2011 / Revised: 11 October 2011 / Accepted: 12 October 2011 / Published: 24 October 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Combustion for Aerospace Propulsion)

Abstract

Hybrid Propulsion is an attractive alternative to conventional liquid and solid rocket motors. This is an active area of research and technological developments. Potential wide application of Hybrid Engines opens the possibility for safer and more flexible space vehicle launching and manoeuvring. The present paper discusses fundamental combustion issues related to further development of Hybrid Rockets. The emphasis is made on the two aspects: (1) properties of potential polymeric fuels, and their modification, and (2) implementation of comprehensive CFD models for combustion in Hybrid Engines. Fundamentals of polymeric fuel combustion are discussed. Further, steps necessary to accurately describe their burning behaviour by means of CFD models are investigated. Final part of the paper presents results of preliminary CFD simulations of fuel burning process in Hybrid Engine using a simplified set-up.
Keywords: hybrid propulsion; polymeric fuels; combustion; computational fluid dynamics hybrid propulsion; polymeric fuels; combustion; computational fluid dynamics
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Novozhilov, V.; Joseph, P.; Ishiko, K.; Shimada, T.; Wang, H.; Liu, J. Polymer Combustion as a Basis for Hybrid Propulsion: A Comprehensive Review and New Numerical Approaches. Energies 2011, 4, 1779-1839.

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