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Designs and Architectures for the Next Generation of Organic Solar Cells
Institute for NanoEnergy, Department of Physics, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77004, USA
School of Physical Sciences, Dublin City University, Glasnevin, Dublin 9, Ireland
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 May 2010; Accepted: 9 June 2010 / Published: 14 June 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Solar Cells
Abstract: Organic solar cells show great promise as an economically and environmentally friendly technology to utilize solar energy because of their simple fabrication processes and minimal material usage. However, new innovations and breakthroughs are needed for organic solar cell technology to become competitive in the future. This article reviews research efforts and accomplishments focusing on three issues: power conversion efficiency, device stability and processability for mass production, followed by an outlook for optimizing OSC performance through device engineering and new architecture designs to realize next generation organic solar cells.
Keywords: solar energy; photovoltaics; organic solar cells; semiconducting conjugated polymers; power conversion efficiency; solar cell degradation and stability; large-area solar cells; solar cell designs
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MDPI and ACS Style
Liao, K.-S.; Yambem, S.D.; Haldar, A.; Alley, N.J.; Curran, S.A. Designs and Architectures for the Next Generation of Organic Solar Cells. Energies 2010, 3, 1212-1250.
Liao K-S, Yambem SD, Haldar A, Alley NJ, Curran SA. Designs and Architectures for the Next Generation of Organic Solar Cells. Energies. 2010; 3(6):1212-1250.
Liao, Kang-Shyang; Yambem, Soniya D.; Haldar, Amrita; Alley, Nigel J.; Curran, Seamus A. 2010. "Designs and Architectures for the Next Generation of Organic Solar Cells." Energies 3, no. 6: 1212-1250.