Next Article in Journal
A Preliminary Investigation of Energy Return on Energy Investment for Global Oil and Gas Production
Next Article in Special Issue
Changing Energy Requirements in the Mediterranean Under Changing Climatic Conditions
Previous Article in Journal
Early Ideas in Underground Coal Gasification and Their Evolution
Previous Article in Special Issue
Optimal Fixed Bed Reactor Network Configuration for the Efficient Recycling of CO2 into Methanol
Energies 2009, 2(3), 477-489; doi:10.3390/en20300477
Review

Calculation of Residual Electricity Mixes when Accounting for the EECS (European Electricity Certificate System) — the Need for a Harmonised System

* ,
 and
Received: 31 May 2009; in revised form: 22 June 2009 / Accepted: 26 June 2009 / Published: 1 July 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Solutions in the Era of Climate Change)
Download PDF [389 KB, uploaded 1 July 2009]
Abstract: According to the Electricity Directive, suppliers of electricity must disclose their electricity portfolio with regards to energy source and environmental impact. This paper gives some examples of disclosure systems and residual electricity mixes in Norway, Sweden and Finland, compared to an approach based on a common regional disclosure. Disclosures based on the E-TRACK standard are presented, as well as the variation in CO2 emissions from different residual mixes. The results from this study clearly show that there is a need for a harmonised, transparent and reliable system for the accounting of electricity disclosure in Europe.
Keywords: renewable electricity certificates; electricity disclosure; residual mix; global warming potential; life cycle assessment renewable electricity certificates; electricity disclosure; residual mix; global warming potential; life cycle assessment
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Raadal, H.L.; Nyland, C.A.; Hanssen, O.J. Calculation of Residual Electricity Mixes when Accounting for the EECS (European Electricity Certificate System) — the Need for a Harmonised System. Energies 2009, 2, 477-489.

AMA Style

Raadal HL, Nyland CA, Hanssen OJ. Calculation of Residual Electricity Mixes when Accounting for the EECS (European Electricity Certificate System) — the Need for a Harmonised System. Energies. 2009; 2(3):477-489.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Raadal, Hanne Lerche; Nyland, Cecilia Askham; Hanssen, Ole Jørgen. 2009. "Calculation of Residual Electricity Mixes when Accounting for the EECS (European Electricity Certificate System) — the Need for a Harmonised System." Energies 2, no. 3: 477-489.


Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert