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Energies 2018, 11(7), 1789; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11071789

Automatic Adaptation of Multi-Loop Wireless Power Transfer to Variable Coupling between Transmit and Receive Coils

Department of Electronic Engineering, Sogang University, Seoul 04107, Korea
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Received: 19 June 2018 / Revised: 5 July 2018 / Accepted: 5 July 2018 / Published: 7 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Electrical Power and Energy System)
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Abstract

In the conventional wireless power transfer (WPT) using magnetic resonance coupling, power transfer efficiency (PTE) exhibits a peak only at a matched distance between transmitter (Tx) and receiver (Rx). That is, it rapidly degrades if the distance deviates from the matched distance. In order to achieve high PTE over a wide range of the distance, automatic range-adaptation technique is proposed in this work by using multi-loop technique and tunable matching circuit with digital capacitors. For automatic range adaptation, the microcontroller unit (MCU) in Rx runs an algorithm to find optimum loop and capacitance for best PTE based on the received power. Tx and Rx are synchronized by using low power Bluetooth wireless communications. Instead of the conventional relays, microelectromechanical system (MEMS) switches with low loss and high isolation are employed to minimize the power dissipation. The entire WPT system automatically maximize PTE with the distance, achieving high PTE of 80.5% at 30 cm and 29.7% at 100 cm. View Full-Text
Keywords: wireless power transfer (WPT); magnetic resonance; tunable impedance matching; range adaptation wireless power transfer (WPT); magnetic resonance; tunable impedance matching; range adaptation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Ryu, K.; Jeong, J. Automatic Adaptation of Multi-Loop Wireless Power Transfer to Variable Coupling between Transmit and Receive Coils. Energies 2018, 11, 1789.

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