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Energies 2018, 11(6), 1543; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11061543

Three-Stage Anaerobic Sequencing Batch Reactor (ASBR) for Maximum Methane Production: Effects of COD Loading Rate and Reactor Volumetric Ratio

1
The Petroleum and Petrochemical College, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
2
Innovative Learning Center, Srinakharinwirot University, Bangkok 10110, Thailand
3
Center of Excellence on Petrochemical and Materials Technology, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 May 2018 / Revised: 31 May 2018 / Accepted: 5 June 2018 / Published: 13 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Energy)
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Abstract

A three-stage anaerobic sequencing batch reactor system was developed as a new anaerobic process with an emphasis on methane production from ethanol wastewater. The three-stage anaerobic sequencing batch reactor system consisted of three bioreactors connected in series. It was operated at 37 °C with a fixed recycle ratio of 1:1 (final effluent flow rate to feed flow rate) and the washout sludge from the third bioreactor present in the final effluent was allowed to be recycled to the first bioreactor. The pH of the first bioreactor was controlled at 5.5, while the pH values of the other two bioreactors were not controlled. Under the optimum chemical oxygen demand loading rate of 18 kg/m3d (based on the feed chemical oxygen demand load and total volume of the three bioreactors) with a bioreactor volumetric ratio of 5:5:20, the system provided the highest gas production performance in terms of yields of both hydrogen and methane and the highest overall chemical oxygen demand removal. Interestingly, the three-stage anaerobic sequencing batch reactor system gave a much higher energy production rate and a higher optimum chemical oxygen demand loading rate than previously reported anaerobic systems since it was able to maintain very high microbial concentrations in all bioreactors with very high values of both alkalinity and solution pH, especially in the third bioreactor, resulting in sufficient levels of micronutrients for anaerobic digestion. View Full-Text
Keywords: three-stage anaerobic sequencing batch reactor (ASBR); hydrogen and methane production; mesophilic temperature; reactor volumetric ratio three-stage anaerobic sequencing batch reactor (ASBR); hydrogen and methane production; mesophilic temperature; reactor volumetric ratio
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Jiraprasertwong, A.; Vichaitanapat, K.; Leethochawalit, M.; Chavadej, S. Three-Stage Anaerobic Sequencing Batch Reactor (ASBR) for Maximum Methane Production: Effects of COD Loading Rate and Reactor Volumetric Ratio. Energies 2018, 11, 1543.

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