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Energies 2018, 11(6), 1509; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11061509

Development Strategy for Sustainable Solar Home System in the Akha Upland Community of Thailand

1
Department of Social Sciences and Humanities, Faculty of Liberal Arts, Rajamangala University of Technology Thanyaburi, Thanyaburi, Pathumtani 12110, Thailand
2
Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 May 2018 / Revised: 30 May 2018 / Accepted: 4 June 2018 / Published: 10 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Toward Sustainable Energy Systems for Smart Grids and Smart Societies)
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Abstract

With the growing effects of global warming and carbon pollution, environmental protection has become an urgent necessity. In addition, solar energy has been accepted worldwide for the generation of electricity. However, remote areas in Thailand have not had effective solar home system (SHS) development. This paper aims to explore the problems of SHS development and analyze the external factors that could have an impact on their operation in the Akha upland community of Thailand. The result of the survey indicates that about 79.38% of the respondents displayed a high-level lack of information and repair work. Moreover, many respondents presented low-level satisfaction in developing SHS. There are four strategies for sustainable SHS development using a factor analysis process, these include creating approval of SHS technologies 24.93%, developing SHS management 22.64%, promoting SHS technologies 14.29%, and supporting SHS policies 10.97%. In particular, this study considered the public views on the role of an organization that could lead to sustainable development of SHS. Furthermore, these should be managed suitably for each community. As a result, this study has provided some valuable references for SHS promotion in Thailand. View Full-Text
Keywords: remote areas; solar home system; sustainable development; public opinion remote areas; solar home system; sustainable development; public opinion
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Bhumkittipich, P.; Ohgaki, H. Development Strategy for Sustainable Solar Home System in the Akha Upland Community of Thailand. Energies 2018, 11, 1509.

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