Spatiotemporal Patterns of Carbon Emissions and Taxi Travel Using GPS Data in Beijing
AbstractTaxis are significant contributors to carbon dioxide emissions due to their frequent usage, yet current research into taxi carbon emissions is insufficient. Emerging data sources and big data–mining techniques enable analysis of carbon emissions, which contributes to their reduction and the promotion of low-carbon societies. This study uses taxi GPS data to reconstruct taxi trajectories in Beijing. We then use the carbon emission calculation model based on a taxi fuel consumption algorithm and the carbon dioxide emission factor to calculate emissions and apply a visualization method called kernel density analysis to obtain the dynamic spatiotemporal distribution of carbon emissions. Total carbon emissions show substantial temporal variations during the day, with maximum values from 10:00–11:00 (57.53 t), which is seven times the minimum value of 7.43 t (from 03:00–04:00). Carbon emissions per kilometer at the network level are steady throughout the day (0.2 kg/km). The Airport Expressway, Ring Roads, and large intersections within the 5th Ring Road maintain higher carbon emissions than other areas. Spatiotemporal carbon emissions and travel patterns differ between weekdays and weekends, especially during morning rush hours. This research provides critical insights for taxi companies, authorities, and future studies. View Full-Text
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Zhang, J.; Chen, F.; Wang, Z.; Wang, R.; Shi, S. Spatiotemporal Patterns of Carbon Emissions and Taxi Travel Using GPS Data in Beijing. Energies 2018, 11, 500.
Zhang J, Chen F, Wang Z, Wang R, Shi S. Spatiotemporal Patterns of Carbon Emissions and Taxi Travel Using GPS Data in Beijing. Energies. 2018; 11(3):500.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zhang, Jinlei; Chen, Feng; Wang, Zijia; Wang, Rui; Shi, Shunwei. 2018. "Spatiotemporal Patterns of Carbon Emissions and Taxi Travel Using GPS Data in Beijing." Energies 11, no. 3: 500.
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