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Energies 2018, 11(2), 459; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11020459

Real-Time Genetic Algorithms-Based MPPT: Study and Comparison (Theoretical an Experimental) with Conventional Methods

1
Electronic Department, University of Setif, Setif 19000, Algeria
2
LIAS Laboratory ENSIP, University of Poitiers, 86000 Poitiers, France
3
LEPCI Laboratory, University of Setif, Setif 19000, Algeria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 January 2018 / Revised: 19 February 2018 / Accepted: 20 February 2018 / Published: 22 February 2018
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Abstract

Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) methods are used in photovoltaic (PV) systems to continually maximize the PV array output power, which strongly depends on both solar radiation and cell temperature. The PV power oscillations around the maximum power point (MPP) resulting from the conventional methods and complexity of the non-conventional ones are convincing reasons to look for novel MPPT methods. This paper deals with simple Genetic Algorithms (GAs) based MPPT method in order to improve the convergence, rapidity, and accuracy of the PV system. The proposed method can also efficiently track the global MPP, which is very useful for partial shading. At first, a review of the algorithm is given, followed with many test examples; then, a comparison by means Matlab/Simulink© (R2009b) is conducted between the proposed MPPT and, the popular Perturb and Observe (PO) and Incremental Conductance (IC) techniques. The results show clearly the superiority of the proposed controller. Indeed, with the proposed algorithm, oscillations around the MPP are dramatically minimized, a better stability is observed and increase in the output power efficiency is obtained. All these results are experimentally validated by a test bench developed at LIAS laboratory (Poitiers University, Poitiers, France) using real PV panels and a PV emulator which allows one to define a profile insolation model. In addition, the proposed method permits one to perform the test of linearity between the optimal current I mp (current at maximum power) and the short-circuit current I sc , and between the optimal voltage V mp and open-circuit voltage V oc , so the current and voltage factors can be easily obtained with our algorithm. View Full-Text
Keywords: genetic algorithms; maximum power point trackers; optimization methods; photovoltaic systems; power system simulation genetic algorithms; maximum power point trackers; optimization methods; photovoltaic systems; power system simulation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Hadji, S.; Gaubert, J.-P.; Krim, F. Real-Time Genetic Algorithms-Based MPPT: Study and Comparison (Theoretical an Experimental) with Conventional Methods. Energies 2018, 11, 459.

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