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Energies 2018, 11(2), 410; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11020410

Integration of Photovoltaic Plants and Supercapacitors in Tramway Power Systems

1
University of Naples Federico II, 80125 Naples, Italy
2
Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Technologies, University of Naples Federico II, 80125 Naples, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 January 2018 / Revised: 7 February 2018 / Accepted: 7 February 2018 / Published: 9 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Electrical Power and Energy System)
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Abstract

The growing interest in the use of energy storage systems to improve the performance of tramways has prompted the development of control techniques and optimal storage devices, displacement, and sizing to obtain the maximum profit and reduce the total installation cost. Recently, the rapid diffusion of renewable energy generation from photovoltaic panels has also created a large interest in coupling renewable energy and storage units. This study analyzed the integration of a photovoltaic power plant, supercapacitor energy storage system, and railway power system. Random optimization was used to verify the feasibility of this integration in a real tramway electric system operating in the city of Naples, and the benefits and total cost of this integration were evaluated. View Full-Text
Keywords: optimization; photovoltaic; supercapacitor; tramway optimization; photovoltaic; supercapacitor; tramway
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Ciccarelli, F.; Di Noia, L.P.; Rizzo, R. Integration of Photovoltaic Plants and Supercapacitors in Tramway Power Systems. Energies 2018, 11, 410.

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