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Energies 2018, 11(1), 58; doi:10.3390/en11010058

Output Power Smoothing and Voltage Regulation of a Fixed Speed Wind Generator in the Partial Load Region Using STATCOM and a Pitch Angle Controller

Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee 247667, India
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Received: 30 October 2017 / Revised: 15 December 2017 / Accepted: 25 December 2017 / Published: 29 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wind Generators Modelling and Control)
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Abstract

The output power and terminal voltage of the fixed speed induction generator fluctuate in the partial load region where the wind speed is below the rated vale, resulting in fluctuations in the grid frequency and voltage. In this paper, a novel pitch angle control strategy has developed by introducing an exponential moving average (EMA) concept from which the controller reference power (signal) can be set for below-rated wind speeds. Therefore, the employed pitch angle controller together with static synchronous compensator (STATCOM), named the unified voltage and pitch angle controller (UVPC), addresses the objective of smoothing the output power and terminal voltage regulation of a wind generator, subjected to below-rated wind speed variations. Moreover, an interval type-2 fuzzy logic technique has incorporated in the pitch angle controller design, since it is more efficient in handling the uncertainties in membership functions and rules than its traditional fuzzy logic counterparts. Simulation results clearly show that the proposed UVPC effectively smoothens out the generator output power and also regulates the terminal voltage at its constant magnitude. View Full-Text
Keywords: wind speed variations; fixed speed; induction generator; pitch angle controller; STATCOM; fuzzy logic controller; reference power setting; design wind speed variations; fixed speed; induction generator; pitch angle controller; STATCOM; fuzzy logic controller; reference power setting; design
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Naik, K.A.; Gupta, C.P. Output Power Smoothing and Voltage Regulation of a Fixed Speed Wind Generator in the Partial Load Region Using STATCOM and a Pitch Angle Controller. Energies 2018, 11, 58.

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