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Energies 2017, 10(9), 1421; doi:10.3390/en10091421

State-Of-The-Art in Microgrid-Integrated Distributed Energy Storage Sizing

1
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Denver, Denver, CO 80210, USA
2
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 August 2017 / Revised: 2 September 2017 / Accepted: 12 September 2017 / Published: 16 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Battery Energy Storage Applications in Smart Grid)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1981 KB, uploaded 16 September 2017]   |  

Abstract

Distributed energy storage (DES) plays an important role in microgrid operation and control, as it can potentially improve local reliability and resilience, reduce operation cost, and mitigate challenges caused by high penetration renewable generation. However, to ensure an acceptable economic and technical performance, DES must be optimally sized and placed. This paper reviews the existing DES sizing methods for microgrid applications and presents a generic sizing method that enables microgrid planners to efficiently determine the optimal DES size, technology, and location. The proposed method takes into consideration the impact of DES operation on its lifetime to enhance the obtained results accuracy and practicality. The presented model can be used for both grid-tied (considering both grid-connected and islanded modes) and isolated microgrids. View Full-Text
Keywords: distributed energy storage; depth of discharge; microgrid expansion; mixed integer programming; optimal sizing distributed energy storage; depth of discharge; microgrid expansion; mixed integer programming; optimal sizing
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Alsaidan, I.; Alanazi, A.; Gao, W.; Wu, H.; Khodaei, A. State-Of-The-Art in Microgrid-Integrated Distributed Energy Storage Sizing. Energies 2017, 10, 1421.

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